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Engagement Ring Metal Types: Which One You Should Choose

Apr 08,2024 | Juyoyo

To achieve the perfect engagement ring, the choice of metal is crucial. With an increasing number of metal options available, many people are unsure which metal to choose. Don't worry, take your time to read this article.


What are The Common Metal Types for Engagement Rings?

According to survey data, K (Karat) gold, platinum, and silver account for 90% of the market for engagement ring metals. Let's analyze the composition and pros and cons of these metal types together.

Firstly, K gold is an alloy made from different purities of gold combined with a certain proportion of Ni, Pd, Zn, Ag, Cu, and other metal elements. It can produce various colors of K gold, with yellow K gold, white K gold, and rose gold being more common.

Depending on the purity of gold, it is divided into 24K gold, 18K gold, 14K gold, and other types. (24K gold has a gold content of 100%, so strictly speaking, it is not called K gold but pure gold.) The purity and softness of gold are positively correlated, with higher purity being softer. Therefore, in jewelry making, 18K gold and 14K gold are more common, as they ensure a certain gold content while meeting the hardness requirements for daily use.

Types Purity
24K 100%
22K 91.6%
18K 75%
14K 58.3%
10K 41.7%

Tip: formula=1/24*x(K)

Yellow Gold (K Gold)

Yellow gold is one of the classic choices for engagement rings. Its warm hue complements many gemstones, making it a traditional selection.

Yellow is an esteemed color, historically symbolizing nobility and serving as a marker of status and identity when worn as jewelry.

18K Yellow Gold 14K Yellow Gold
75% Yellow Gold 58.3% Yellow Gold
25% Alloys 41.7 Alloys


White Gold (K Gold)

White gold has become a popular trend in engagement ring metals, with 80% of people choosing to purchase white gold engagement rings in 2023.

White gold was created as an alternative to platinum, which is a more expensive metal. People wanted to achieve a similar appearance to platinum at a lower cost, so white gold was developed. Its properties are similar to other K gold types, but the difference lies in the use of electroplating technology to create a thin layer of rhodium (Rh) on the surface. This rhodium layer gives it a similar silver (color) appearance to platinum. However, this coating can fade over time and needs to be re-plated by a professional organization regularly to maintain its perfect appearance.

18K White Gold 14K White Gold
75% Yellow Gold 58.3% Yellow Gold
10% Pd 25.5% Cu
10% Ni 12.3% Ni
5% Zn 3.2% Zn


Rose Gold (K Gold)

Rose gold has become popular in recent years due to its subtle pink hue, which has garnered much love from women and is considered a romantic metal. Rose gold is also made from a blend of gold, copper, and silver. Depending on the purity ratio, it can be manufactured into 14K rose gold or 18K rose gold. The proportion of copper can be adjusted to alter the color, allowing some manufacturers to customize the hue of rose gold according to customer preferences.

18K Rose Gold 14K Rose Gold
75% Yellow Gold 58.3% Yellow Gold
22% Cu 31% Cu
10% Ag 3% Ag

What are The Pros and Cons of K Gold?

K Gold's Pros:

- Diverse selection with various colors like yellow, white, and rose gold.

- High retention of value, making it a valuable investment.

K Gold's Cons:

- Nickel in the alloy can cause allergies in some individuals with sensitive skin.

- Higher price compared to other metals.



Silver is also a highly popular choice for engagement rings, priced at only a tenth of gold, making it a cost-effective option.

Silver can be classified into 999 fine silver and 925 silver based on purity. In jewelry making, 999 fine silver is rarely chosen due to its high silver purity of 99.9%, making it too soft and costly to process. It is prone to damage from impact and tends to oxidize and tarnish easily due to its active chemical properties. On the other hand, 925 silver, which includes other metal elements, has higher hardness, allowing for more diverse designs. It is suitable for daily wear and less prone to oxidation.

Types Purity
S999 99.9%
S990 99%
S925 92.5%

What are The Pros and Cons of Silver?

Silver's Pros:

- Affordable price.

Silver's Cons:

- Prone to oxidation, requiring regular maintenance.



Platinum engagement rings are relatively rare because platinum is a very rare precious metal, making it extremely expensive, even more so than gold. However, this does not deter it from being a favorite among many people. This is why many jewelers use white gold as a substitute for platinum. The luster of platinum is incomparable to white gold and silver. Platinum has excellent toughness and ductility, allowing for a wide design space and the creation of more exquisite ring styles.

Types Purity
Pt999 99.9%
Pt990 99%
Pt950 95%

What are The Pros and Cons of Platinum?

Platinum's Pros:

- High purity.

- High luster.

- Excellent ductility and toughness.

- Does not contain allergenic substances.

Platinum's Cons:

- Relatively rare.

- Higher melting point than gold, requiring skilled craftsmanship.

- Difficult to refine, leading to high costs.


General Cleaning and Maintenance for Metals:

- Soak the metal in mild soapy water for a few minutes, then use a soft brush to remove dirt from the surface.

- After cleaning, immediately dry and place in a well-ventilated area to air dry thoroughly.

- Avoid exposing the metal to acidic chemicals.

- When storing, use separate packaging to prevent scratching against other jewelry pieces.


In conclusion:

When choosing the metal for your engagement ring, it's not about the higher the price, the better. What's more important is its significance to you. Therefore, don't get too caught up in the metal material; choose what you like and maintain it well to keep its luster for a long time.