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What Is the Birthstone for Each Month

Jan 16,2024 | Juyoyo

Traditional birthstones first originated in the 15th-20th centuries, and then the Jewelers of America formulated the modern birthstone back in 1912, with many revisions eventually presenting the version known to the public.


January Garnet
February Amethyst
March Aquamarine, Bloodstone
April Diamond, Moissanite, Morganite
May Emeralds
June Pearl, Alexandrite, Moonstone
July Ruby
August Peridot, Spinel
September Sapphire
October Opal, Tourmaline
November Topaz, Citrine
December Turquoise, Zircon, Tanzanite

In This Blog

1. About the January Birthstone
2. About February Birthstones
3. About March Birthstones
4. About April Birthstones
5. About May Birthstones
6. About June Birthstones
7. About July Birthstones
8. About August Birthstones
9. About September Birthstones
10. About October Birthstones
11. About November Birthstones
12. About December Birthstones

January | Garnet

The name garnet comes from the medieval Latin "granatus", which appears in ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman cultures. In these civilizations, the garnet was a symbol of strength, courage and protection.


Colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, brown, black, pink and clear. The most common is the red garnet and the rarest is the blue garnet.

Mohs Hardness: 6.5-7.5

Symbolism: As the January birthstone, garnet is considered a symbol of good luck, prosperity and love. It is sometimes used as a wedding stone, representing long-lasting love and fidelity. In some cultures, garnet is also believed to have the ability to ward off evil spirits and protect the wearer from evil forces.


February | Amethyst

Amethyst, the February birthstone, is a member of the amethyst family of crystals, named for its purple color, and has been popular throughout history. In ancient times, it was considered a gemstone with mystical powers and was widely used in religious ceremonies and royal jewelry.


Color: Purple

Mohs Hardness: 7

Symbolism: Amethyst is imbued with a variety of symbolism, including serenity, wisdom, inspiration and spiritual balance. It is believed to help increase an individual's intuition and insight.


March | Aquamarine, Bloodstone

There are two birthstones for March, Aquamarine and Bloodstones, and they are also the 19th birthstone.

Aquamarine, which derives its name from the Latin word aqua marina, has a blue color in its transparency like that of the sea, is usually highly transparent and has excellent luster. Aquamarine jewelry is about to become a hot trend.


Color: Transparent or translucent, green-blue to blue-green

Mohs Hardness: 7.5-8

Symbolism: Aquamarine is considered a symbol of luck, purity and wisdom. It is also believed to have protective powers and to help calm emotions.


Bloodstones are usually stones with bright red flecks on a dark green background, so called because of their appearance, which resembles drops of blood on a stone.


Color: Green with red or yellow dots

Mohs Hardness: 6.5-7

Symbolism: Bloodstone is believed to increase an individual's courage and perseverance. It is also considered a protective stone that helps ward off negative energies.


April | Diamond, Morganite, Moissanite

Diamond is the traditional birthstone for April, while Morganite and Moissanite are the new modern April birthstones.

Diamond should be no stranger to anyone, the king of gemstones, but also the favorite gemstone of fine jewelry, a diamond hardness of 10 on the Mohs scale, very suitable for everyday wear!


Color: colorless, rarely blue, green, yellow, brown, black, purple, pink, orange, red, etc.

Mohs Hardness: 10

Symbolism: The diamond is often considered a symbol of purity, solidity and eternity. It is the engagement ring of choice.


Morganite is a member of the Beryl family, beloved by everyone for its pink appearance. Pink represents romance and love, and as such a romantic color, it is becoming a popular choice for proposal rings. After all, how many girls can resist a pink morganite proposal ring?


Colors: Pink, light orange-red to light fuchsia, rose, peach

Mohs Hardness: 7.5-8

Symbolism: Morganite is believed to be a symbol of love and healing, and is considered a stone of warmth and forgiveness.


Moissanite is the best alternative to diamonds, it has almost the same qualities as diamonds but is more affordable than diamonds, so many people use it as a substitute for diamonds, and at the same time, artificially cultivated moissanite also has ethical sustainability implications.


Color: colorless, blue, green, yellowish green, yellow

Mohs Hardness: 9.25

Symbolism: strong, unbreakable love/affection


May | Emerald, Agate

The May birthstones are emerald and onyx, both of which have a long history and were often made into various pieces of jewelry in ancient cultures.

The emerald is a very old gemstone, used in the jewelry industry in ancient Egypt. It is a mesmerizing gemstone, loved for its deep emerald green color and historical cultural significance.


Color: Green

Mohs Hardness: 7.5-8

Symbolism: Emeralds have long been recognized as a symbol of good fortune, harmony and protection. Emeralds are also believed to have a balancing effect on the mind and body and to bring good luck.


Agate is a popular gemstone, often prized for its distinctive texture and varied colors. Objects carved with it have been found in many ancient ruins, illustrating its widespread use.


Colors: white to gray, light blue, orange to red, black or with colored bands

Mohs Hardness: 6.5-7

Symbolism: Agate was considered a talisman in ancient cultures, offering protection and tranquility. It is also believed to have a stabilizing effect on emotions, boosting self-confidence and balancing the mind and body.


June | Pearl, Alexandrite, Moonstone

Pearls have a long history as the first birthstone of June. Pearls are gemstones that usually form inside shellfish (such as oysters), hence the name true pearl. Pearls are used in jewelry as well as in the pharmaceutical industry, making them very valuable.


Colors: white, pink, silver, cream, brown, green, blue, black, yellow, colored

Mohs Hardness: 2.5-4.5

Symbolism: Because of its white appearance, the pearl is often considered a symbol of purity and preciousness. It also symbolizes health and longevity, as it can be used in the pharmaceutical industry.


Alexandrite is the second birthstone of June and the 55th-anniversary gemstone. It shows green to blue in daylight and red to purple in warm light sources, hence the name change stone, it is the emerald of the day and the ruby of the night.


Color: shows green, red, purple and other colors

Mohs Hardness: 8.5

Symbolism: The ever-changing colors of Alexandria stones have a beautiful meaning of long and healthy life, prosperity and wealth.


Moonstone is the birthstone of June, along with Pearl and Alexandrite, and is unique in that it has a special light effect known as the "moonlight effect" or "shadow cat's eye," which is a bright band of light on the surface of the stone.


Color: colorless to white, reddish brown, green, dark brown

Mohs Hardness: 6-6.5

Symbolism: Moonstone is a gentle gemstone that represents gentleness, charm and health.


July | Ruby

Ruby, the birthstone of July, is a gem-quality corundum that was once a very popular gemstone for religious ceremonial items and royal jewelry.


Colors: red, brown, purple

Mohs Hardness: 9

Symbolism: Ruby is a symbol of passion and love, strength and courage, health and happiness.

August | Peridot, Spinel

Peridot and Spinel are both August birthstones, and each has its unique beauty and symbolism.

Peridot is known for its refreshing green color, showing a variety of shades from pale green to deep green. This unique color makes peridot a popular gemstone.


Color: Green

Mohs Hardness: 6.5-7

Symbolism: Peridot is considered a symbol of summer, representing happiness, peace, sunshine and vitality.


Spinel comes in a wide range of colors, making it a rich choice. Its brilliant colors make it popular in jewelry design.


Color: often red, blue, reddish-purple, dark green, brown or black

Mohs Hardness: 7.5-8

Symbolism: Spinel symbolizes vitality and passion, strength and courage.


September | Sapphire

The sapphire is the birthstone of September, usually a deep blue color, and is loved for its unique beauty. The deep blue color gives a feeling of serenity and mystery.


Colors: Blue, Pink, Yellow, Green, Purple, Orange

Mohs Hardness: 9.0

Symbolism: The sapphire is a symbol of happiness, health and loyalty. It is believed to bring luck, peace, happiness, and protection.

October | Opal

Opal is the October birthstone and is known for its unique colorful luster. It usually exhibits rich colors that make it appear as if flames are dancing through the gemstone. Opal is mysterious and unique because of its ability to show different colors in different lights. This ever-changing appearance makes it a popular choice for jewelry design.


Color: white, black, red, orange, colorless

Mohs Hardness: 5.5-6.5

Symbolism: Opal is a mystical gemstone and is considered to be a stone that brings good luck, happiness and hope.


November | Citrine, Topaz

November has two birthstones, Citrine and Topaz.

Citrine has a warm golden hue, sometimes with orange or brown tones. This color makes it a bright and vibrant gemstone. Its color is reminiscent of the sun, so it is often seen as a gemstone that brings positive energy and happiness.


Color: Yellow, orange, orange-red

Mohs Hardness: 7

Symbolism: Citrine is believed to symbolize light, vitality, hope, wealth and prosperity.


Topaz comes in various colors, including blue, pink, yellow and orange. Of these, orange is its most typical color and the color associated with November.


Color: colorless (when free of impurities), blue, brown, yellow, red

Mohs Hardness: 8

Symbolism: Topaz is considered to have positive energy, can stimulate the individual's enthusiasm and vitality, has the symbolism of balancing emotions, and links anxiety.

December | Turquoise, Zircon, Tanzanite

Several gemstones are considered birthstones in December, including turquoise as the traditional December birthstone, and zircon and tanzanite as the emerging modern December birthstones.


Turquoise is known as the "stone of the sky" because of its sky-blue to greenish-blue color. It often shows mottled patterns, making it a unique and beautiful gemstone.

Colors: blue, lime green, green, yellow, coffee, black

Mohs Hardness: 5-6

Symbolism: Turquoise is often considered a stone of refuge, with symbols of luck, good fortune, prosperity and health.


Zircon is a colorful gemstone that can appear in a variety of colors including blue, red, orange and yellow. Its unique luster makes it popular in jewelry design.


Colors: brown, red, yellow, green, black and colorless

Mohs Hardness: 7.5

Symbolism: Zircon is usually associated with independence, firmness, vitality, and anxiety-relieving properties.


Tanzanite is prized for its distinctive purple-blue color and is considered a symbol of nobility and mystery. It is a relatively newly discovered gemstone and is a favorite among collectors and jewelry designers because of its rarity.


Color: Purple to blue

Mohs Hardness: 6.5

Symbolism: Tanzanite has the symbol of nobility and mystery, wisdom.

These birthstones are often made into various pieces of jewelry such as rings and necklaces. They are a great choice for gifts and personal use and are both beautiful and symbolic.